In the heart of the Arabian Peninsula, the story of the genesis and evolution of an ancient nation unfolds, its history etched in the memory of time, and its future steadily shaping towards promising horizons. The Saudi Founding Day serves as an annual reminder of that incredible journey from humble beginnings to grand achievements. At ‘marafei,’ we aim to highlight this pivotal day in the history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, celebrated on the 22nd of February every year, shedding light on its historical and cultural significance.

The first Saudi state was founded on principles based on social unity and justice, embodied within the framework of Islam. Diriyah, the capital of the state at that time, witnessed remarkable prosperity where culture and science flourished, becoming a vital commercial center and a resting place for travelers and pilgrims. These valuable foundations were solidified in the second Saudi state and then in the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi leaders continue to develop and nurture the country with seriousness and ongoing attention, aiming to build a better future for the kingdom and its people.

Saudi Founding Day History

Certainly, Saudi Founding Day is a significant historical event that reflects a prominent phase in the history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This day represents not only the establishment of a state but also symbolizes the beginning of a new era of unity, growth, and development in the Arabian Peninsula. The story began in 1744 when Muhammad ibn Saud, the ruler of Diriyah, allied with Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, the founder of the Salafi movement. This alliance formed the basis of the first Saudi state, which was based on the application of Islamic teachings and the spread of the Salafi call. After the fall of the first Saudi state to the Ottomans and their allies, the second Saudi state was established, which lasted until the mid-19th century. This was followed by a period of strife and disintegration before King Abdulaziz Al Saud unified the tribes and regions under one banner.

To find out the Hijri date of Saudi Founding Day for a given year, you can use available online tools or refer to recognized Hijri calendars. It is worth noting that the Hijri calendar differs from the Gregorian calendar, so the dates of events and occasions change when converted between them. Saudi Founding Day, also known as “National Day,” falls on February 22nd in the Gregorian calendar every year and is a holiday. A common question is how many days are left until the Saudi Founding Day holiday? This can be determined by today’s date.

The Official Establishment in the Kingdom

The unification of the Kingdom: On February 22, 1727, King Abdulaziz officially announced the unification of the different regions under the name “Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”. This declaration was not just a change in name but an announcement of the birth of a modern state that combines cultural and religious heritage with political and economic ambitions.

The Historical and Cultural Importance of Founding Day

  1. Cementing national identity: Founding Day is not only a commemoration of the unification of the Kingdom but also a celebration of Saudi national identity, its historical and cultural legacy.
  2. Development and Modernization: Since then, the Kingdom has undergone significant transformations across all fronts, from education and health to the economy and infrastructure, while adhering to authentic values and traditions.
  3. National Celebrations: This day is widely celebrated in the Kingdom, where cultural and heritage events are held, and educational and artistic activities are organized to highlight the rich history of the Kingdom and its contemporary achievements.
  4. Politics and Economy: Internationally, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a major player in global politics and the economy, especially in the fields of energy and investment.

In conclusion, Saudi Founding Day is not just an occasion to remember the past of the Kingdom but also to celebrate its promising future and aspirations for further growth and prosperity.

What are the outfits for Saudi Founding Day?

Outfits for Saudi Founding Day vary according to the occasion and different events held on this day. In general, the outfits on this day document the Saudi identity and cultural heritage. Here are some examples of outfits that women and men may wear on Saudi Founding Day:

Saudi Founding Day Outfit Guide for Women

  • The Abaya: The Saudi abaya is a staple in the Saudi woman’s wardrobe, coming in various colors and designs. Women can choose an abaya that reflects their personal taste and carries design elements that express national identity.
  • Traditional Dress: In some traditional and cultural events, women may wear the traditional Saudi dress, which includes a long, ornately decorated gown.
  • Formal Attire: For formal events, such as official celebrations in schools or universities, women can wear formal attire that includes the abaya and modest clothing.

Traditional Clothing for Men on Founding Day

  • The Saudi Thobe: The Saudi thobe is the traditional attire for men in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It consists of a long garment worn over undergarments and is held with straps or tied in a special way.
  • The Shemagh and Agal: Men can wear the shemagh (headscarf) and agal, which are two pieces of fabric wrapped around the head and neck, distinguished by different colors and patterns.
  • Formal Attire: For formal occasions, such as official celebrations, men can wear formal attire that includes a white thobe with an agal and shemagh.

It is always encouraged to respect local traditions and laws when choosing formal attire for Founding Day. Remember, modest attire may be the most appropriate choice for formal and religious events.

Founding Day Culture

The founding culture is one of the most important factors that play a crucial role in shaping and guiding the course of societies and states. It is the cultural foundation that reflects the spirit of identity and values that any society should base itself on for building and development. The importance of founding culture lies in its representation of the principles and values that define social and political directions and goals.

This culture acts as a motivator for solidarity and community participation, enhancing unity and shared responsibility in building a society based on justice, freedom, and sustainable development. Therefore, we must take care of preserving and developing this culture, as it is an integral part of our social and cultural evolution, contributing to building a better and more sustainable future for the coming generations.

A Glimpse at the Words of Kings on Saudi Founding Day

King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud: Emphasized that his destiny is intertwined with the fate of his people, considering himself an inseparable part of the people he serves.

King Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud: Stressed the importance of adhering to Islamic heritage and values as the foundation of the state, highlighting the significance of continuity in maintaining these foundations.

  1. King Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud: Pointed out that the cohesion and faith of the people in Allah and their dedication to serving their country are the keys to progress and prosperity.
  2. King Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud: Achieved security and stability for the country, making the Kingdom a model of dignity, pride, and progress.
  3. King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud: His reign witnessed comprehensive civilizational progress, focusing on the welfare and development of citizens.
  4. King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud: Worked on rebuilding and stabilizing the region, relying on historical and contemporary Islamic foundations.
  5. Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz: Highlights the deep historical roots of the Kingdom and its importance in shaping the future of the Islamic world.

Identity of Founding Day

The importance of Saudi Founding Day on February 22 lies in being a symbol of national pride in Saudi Arabia’s history spanning over three centuries, dating back to the historic moment when Imam Muhammad bin Saud founded the state. This day embodies the multiple achievements realized since then, from achieving unity, security, and stability, to continuing the journey of development and growth. On this day:

  • Saudi Arabia witnessed the establishment of its state that unified the lands and laid the foundations of stability.
  • National unity was manifested, and the country flourished in culture and science fields.
  • Diriyah became the capital of this entity and a center for governance and administration.

Logo of Saudi Founding Day

The visual logo for Founding Day is named “The Day We Began,” conveying historical depth and rich meanings, expressing the glory and heroics of the Saudi state. The logo features a central image of a “man carrying a flag,” symbolizing the courage and loyalty of Saudi men and their sacrifices in protecting and raising their flag. The logo contains four symbols surrounding the central icon: the palm tree symbolizing growth, life, and generosity; the falcon representing nobility, pride, and freedom; the Arabian horse reflecting chivalry and heroism; and finally, the marketplace, indicating economic dynamism and openness to the world.

Additionally, “Founding Day – 1727” is written in a font inspired by historical manuscripts that documented the history of the first Saudi state, expressing a set of values that embody Saudi culture, such as pride, enthusiasm, authenticity, and cohesion, along with hospitality, generosity, knowledge, and science. With this visual logo titled “The Day We Began,” the values and meanings associated with Founding Day are reinforced, emphasizing pride in the cultural and social heritage of the state and its people.

marafei Services for Saudi Founding Day

In conjunction with Founding Day, marafei offers various services to enrich events, including:

  • Event venue preparation: Providing and preparing the venue with all necessary equipment.
  • Advanced lighting and sound systems: Ensuring sound and lighting quality for an excellent auditory and visual experience.
  • Event documentation: Comprehensive coverage through photography and video production.
  • Crowd management and electronic reservations: Organizing attendance and providing advanced electronic booking systems.
  • Technological techniques: Utilizing virtual reality, light projection, and augmented reality to present interactive experiences. These services enhance the visitor experience It ensures the success of virtual events in a distinguished manner.